About Civil Registration and Vital Statistics

Civil registration system on the frequency of occurrence of specified and defined vital events (eg births, deaths, cause of deaths, marriage, migration, its compiling, processing, analyzing, evaluating, presenting and disseminating these data in some statistical form. The significance of improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) has recently been emphasized round the globe. CRVS data is critical to support the functioning of National Health System and for a number of other government functions.

CRVS in Pakistan

1. Pakistan like several other countries of the region do not have credible registration of births and deaths, and lack in reporting complete and accurate cause of death data. Unfortunately, information disaggregated by age, gender, location and/or socioeconomic status is also not available like for many developing nations.

2. Pakistan has been identified as one of the six priority countries by UNESCAP, which has been identified as a priority country where the CRVS strengthening would be undertaken during coming years. Given the fact that the subject of CRVS is multidisciplinary in nature, the task of overall coordination for CRVS development has been assignment to Ministry of Planning, Development and Reforms. This ministry in close coordination with Provincial Departments, NADRA, the WHO country and regional offices, Plan international, UNICEF and other partners organized 'Rapid and Comprehensive Assessments of the CRVS" in Pakistan mainly to realize the current status of CRVS implementation in Pakistan.

3. These studies have revealed serious weaknesses in our CRVS. National data for birth and death registration are exceptionally low. Where only 30% births are being recorded with almost no death registration mechanisms. Cause of death information is lacking and ICD- 10 for coding cases of deaths in hospitals is not being practices. Resultantly, very little vital statistics generated from the civil registration systems and country has thus obliged to resort to expensive and tedious community based surveys (Population census, DHS and MICs etc).

4. These assessments called for the promotion of CRVS in the country with formation of strong coordination mechanisms at National/Provincial levels for CRVS promotion. It also recommended development and adoption of a national uniform CRVS law, in place of currently fragmented piecemeal laws. There is need for implementation of ICD coding for cause of death with inclusion of private health care providers in loop. Study recommended promotion and training in ICD mortality coding practices. Subsequently, a national consultative workshop on CRVS Strategic Planning was also organized to thresh these recommendations and propose a national/provincial action plan.


In light with these developments Ministry of Planning, Development and Reforms (vide Notification No: "14(23-1)/HPC,2014" dated July 21, 2014) constituted a National Steering and Development Committee. This National Steering committee is headed by Federal Minister for Planning and Development and while membership drawn from following organizations

  1. • Federal and Provincial P&D Ministry/Departments
  2. • Provincial Departments of Health(s),
  3. • National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA)
  4. • Ministry of National Health Services and, Regulation
  5. • Ministry of Law and Justice
  6. • Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
  7. • Ministry of Interior
  8. • Provincial Local Government and Rural Development
  9. • Development Partners (WHO, UNICEF and Plan International)
  10. • Ministry of Law and Justice
  11. • Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
  12. • Ministry of Interior
  13. • Provincial Local Government and Rural Development